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Josif Šojat Building

Year
1926–1927
Place
Belgrade, Serbia
Kralja Milutina 33
Type of objectMulti-apartment buildings and settlement
Project outcomeRealization
Level of protectionCultural monument

Among several residential buildings designed for the Belgrade investor and owner Josif Šojat, an interpolated multi-storey building (residential building with rented apartments) in 33 Kralja Milutina Street stands out, with which Zloković brought the spirit of Mediterranean profane architecture into the Vračar city agglomeration, making several form gestures atypical for the previous Belgrade architecture. Four zones of different horizontal treatment can be recognized on the street facade, with the lower zone of the entrance pedestal and the upper zone of the loggia with three arched openings each creating an almost identical link between interior and exterior space – between privacy and urbanity. The architecture of the facade includes decorative elements that stylistically belong to the Romanesque, early Italian and Venetian Renaissance. The art of the façade is completed by reliefs and a façade sculpture by the sculptor Živojin Lukić and an allegorical fresco composition by the painter Mladen Josić in the upper zone of the façade, which grows into a final frieze and an accentuated final wreath. Created in the interaction of three artistic disciplines – architecture, sculpture and painting – the house of Josif Šojat is a unique example of Belgrade residential architecture of the first half of the 20th century. The eclectically shaped and inventively composed façade, along with the modernized structuring of the corpus, points to Zloković’s transitional phase, from historicism to modernism.

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