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Primary school

Jagodina, Serbia
Type of objectEducational
Project outcomeRealization

With the design of the primary school in Jagodina, Zloković established himself as a leading modernist in Serbian interwar architecture, whose works represent the refined achievements of a unique proceeding, in which a coherent and rational attitude towards architecture in all its humanistic and technical aspects is manifested. Designed under the evident influence of Italian rationalism in the 1930s, the school in Jagodina confirms Zloković’s research approach to proportional and modular relations in school architecture, applied in a grid of window openings. The school is located in the center of Jagodina, next to the church of St. Peter and Paul and the city park, creating a kind of proscenium to that city oasis and promenade. It is basically a school of angular shape which forms a prismatic whole next to the yard space. In this way, all facade surfaces are placed in a single proportional system of window openings that provide maximum insolation of interior spaces – classrooms and hallways. As an advocate of modern aspirations, Zloković introduced humanized postulates of modernism in the types of health, tourist and educational facilities, which were supposed to achieve hygienic conditions and qualities for the users of space (airiness and sunshine). For these reasons, all classrooms are illuminated by two pairs of horizontally placed windows so high that they provide the deepest possible illumination of the interior space. The overall aesthetics of the school building rests on a modular network of openings to which the minimized form and the absence of additional architectural elements are subordinated.

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