Railway station in Skopje

Skopje, Northern Macedonia
Type of objectTraffic
Project outcomeCompetition work

The competition work for the building of the Railway Station in Skopje is one of the lesser-known Zloković’s projects from the earlier period of his work, which is now available to researchers in the Milan Zloković Collection at the Belgrade City Museum.. Using previous experience in working on models of smaller railway stations, in order to give these facilities a modern architectural expression, Zloković is designing a modern railway station with three platform islands for Skopje. This competition design belongs to a small group of modern traffic terminals designed in Yugoslavia between the two world wars. The new traffic terminals – railway stations and then airports – were the embodiment of development and modernity, so they found themselves as an indispensable design theme in European modern architecture. Opening the exhibition of the Zagreb architect Juraj Neidhardt in Belgrade on June 29, 1937, at which the Lindental Award-winning airport project was also exhibited, Zloković, then assistant professor at the Technical Faculty, emphasized the importance of the exhibited works for the domestic environment and especially for architects, pointing to Neidhardt originality in solving architectural and urban problems.

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With the reconstruction of the country after the First World War, the railway in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes became the main means of transport and the initiator of modernization. The construction of new railway routes that connected populated areas, such as the Adriatic route, which was in the focus of the professional public, initiated the construction of smaller station buildings, for which Zloković, in response to outdated projects which "reflected the indifference of the traffic administration", typical solutions of simple refined architecture.